There are three forms of Sheriff with the U.K.

1. In Scotland, the Sheriff acts as a Judge and carries out a legal function – holding their own Court of Law.

2. The historic Counties of England, Wales and Northern Ireland have their own Sheriff appointed by the Monarch (or Duke of Cornwall for the County of Cornwall). Prior to the Local Government Act of 1972, they were known as “Sheriff of <county name>” and became “High Sheriff of <county name>” from 1st April 1974. They have their own High Sheriffs Association of England and Wales.

3. In the Middle Ages, a number of towns and cities became effectively small self-governing counties (“counties corporate“) due to a need for local collection of taxes or to deal with specific local problems, such as border conflict or piracy. 

The NACTSEW is the association for 15 of the remaining City and town Shrievalties and the Aims are –

  • To protect and preserve the ancient office of City and Town Sheriffs of England and Wales,
  • To promote the office of Sheriff and ensure that the office meets the needs of today’s society,
  • To provide Sheriffs in office with the opportunity of meeting during their Year of office to exchange ideas and views.